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游泳对小孩有什么好处 - What's the good for a child to swim

文章目录

一、游泳对小孩有什么好处
二、怎么教孩子游泳
三、游泳潜在的危害

游泳对小孩有什么好处

1、游泳对小孩有什么好处

儿童去游泳,一方面能让儿童的骨骼生长的更好,促进肌肉的生长,另一方面对儿童各个关节的发育等都有好处,儿童游泳之后能让身体更加匀称,体型也更好看,身体抵抗力越来越高。据不完全统计,经常游泳的儿童比一般的儿童健康至少两倍以上。

而且通过儿童游泳过程中四肢的不断活动,能提高身体的灵活性不说,同时对大脑的功能发育也有很大的帮助,促进大脑对外界环境的反应度。有些儿童经常哭闹,通过游泳也能改正过来。

儿童游泳除了能带来以上提到的好处之外,同时还能让儿童更具有安全感,情绪根据稳定。通过皮肤与水的接触,各种信息进行传递,四肢的不断运动能让儿童的心脏和肺活量得到极大的提升,条件儿童免疫力,如果是经常感冒的孩子,家长可以带孩子去儿童游泳馆时候,效果绝对好。

游泳对小孩有什么好处 - What's the good for a child to swim

2、儿童游泳前准备什么

2.1、泳衣、泳帽、和泳镜。这些都是儿童在水里能够减小阻力,防止耳道和眼睛进水的必备品。

2.2、泡沫板、游泳圈。这些用品是利于孩子在游泳20分钟后适当休息和危机时刻就生的必需品。

2.3、干毛巾、干衣物。主要用来在孩子游泳后能够快速擦干身体,保暖,避免感冒

2.4、温水。孩子在游泳休息期间需要补充适当的水份,温水有助于恢复体温,防止儿童长时间冰水里游泳造成感冒

3、儿童游泳的注意事项

3.1、游泳前,家长要检查孩子的身体,看孩子适不适合下水。例如感冒、发烧或者身上有外伤的小朋友都不适合游泳。尽量避免和用话语劝导孩子,不可让孩子凭兴趣一意孤行。

3.2、游泳前,家长要仔细检查水深,让孩子充分做好准备运动,避免游泳时抽筋,产生危险。游泳时,家长要时刻关注孩子的动向,提前准备游泳圈等就生工具。年龄较小的孩子,家长最好在一旁保护。游泳每20分钟左右就要适当休息,补充水分,恢复体力。

3.3、游泳后,家长要给孩子立即把身体擦干,注意去除耳道内的积水。要立即洗澡、冲洗头发、刷牙,洗净粘附在头发上的消毒剂。回家后还要洗个温水澡,并加衣服,多喝水,避免感冒

怎么教孩子游泳

第一步:学会憋气

做一些简单的事情:在水里憋住气,离开了水面再呼吸。因为不会憋气的时候就会非常紧张,怕水。所以最好多训练。刚开始时间可以短一点,接着再一点点延长时间,如果可以在水里憋住5秒钟,就已经能够在浅水区游泳了。

第二步:学会了憋气可以开始教动作了

试着让孩子趴在游泳池边,从腿开始练习,身子可以轻轻漂浮就够了,然后练习手部动作,尝试双脚站起来,双手浸在水面下。不管是练习哪个部分,要做到头往水里压。

游泳对小孩有什么好处 - What's the good for a child to swim

第三步:然后学习手脚并用

最好是能够练习到把头浸在水里都不紧张的程度。一定要放开胆子,在浅水区一般不会有什么问题。手脚并用,然后把头压下去,让身体可以保持平衡。虽然刚开始手和脚的协调不会很好,但只要多练习,不断改进动作,慢慢就会变好了。

第四步:最后就是实践了

练得越久游得越远!可以从蛙泳开始学习,这是蛙泳口诀:划手腿不动收手又收腿,先伸胳膊后蹬腿向外翻脚对准水,向后弧形蹬夹腿手腿伸直漂一会。

游泳潜在的危害

1、游泳引起耳道疾病

游泳爱好者游泳的时候,耳部没入水中,由于水的压力和耳部构造影响,细菌随水入侵耳咽管进入中耳,或游泳后灌入耳朵内的水未能及时清除干净,导致外耳道和中耳受损感染,从而引起中耳炎。中耳炎病情加重,或用手指,硬物清除耳朵内积水时,使鼓膜破裂,穿孔。

游泳对小孩有什么好处 - What's the good for a child to swim

2、游泳引起鼻腔疾病

不经常游泳的人,鼻腔突然受到冷水刺激,不能及时适应,身体抵抗力降低,细菌和过滤性病毒乘虚而入,从而造成急性炎症;如果在伤风感冒的时候游泳,鼻粘膜上的细菌增多,并侵入副鼻窦,造成副鼻窦粘膜的急性炎症,游泳时呼吸方法不正确,呛水时细菌随水进入鼻窦也会引发炎症。


Article catalogues

1. What's the good for a child to swim
Two. How to teach children to swim
Three, the potential harm of swimming

What's the good for a child to swim

1. What's the good for a child to swim

Children go swimming, on the one hand, can make children's bone growth better, promote the growth of muscle, on the other hand, the development of children's joints are good. After swimming, children can make the body more symmetrical, the body is more beautiful, and the body resistance is getting higher and higher. According to incomplete statistics, children who swim regularly are at least two times healthier than the average child.

And through the continuous activities of the limbs in the process of children's swimming, it can improve the flexibility of the body without saying, and also have great help to the functional development of the brain, and promote the brain's response to the external environment. Some children often cry, and can correct them through swimming.

Children's swimming can not only bring benefits mentioned above, but also enable children to feel more secure and stable. Through the contact of skin and water, a variety of information transmission, the constant movement of the limbs can make the heart and vital capacity of children greatly improved, conditions for children's immunity, if it is a child with a regular cold, parents can take children to the children's swimming pool, the effect is absolutely good.

游泳对小孩有什么好处 - What's the good for a child to swim

2. What to prepare for a child before swimming

2.1, swimsuit, swimming cap, and swimming goggles. These are essential for children to reduce resistance in water and prevent ear canal and eyes from getting into the water.

2.2, foam board, swimming circle. These supplies are conducive to children's need for proper rest and 20 minutes after swimming.

2.3. Dry towels and dry clothes. It is mainly used to quickly dry the body after swimming, keep warm and avoid catching cold.

2.4, warm water. Children need adequate water when swimming and rest. Warm water helps restore body temperature and prevents children from swimming in long ice water for a cold.

3. Attention to children's swimming

3.1, before swimming, parents should check the child's body and see if the child is suitable for launching. For example, children who have a cold, fever or trauma on their body are not suitable for swimming. Try to avoid and discourage children with words, and not allow children to act with interest.

3.2, before swimming, parents should check the depth of water carefully, so that children can fully prepare for exercise and avoid cramps when swimming. When swimming, parents should always keep an eye on children's movements, prepare swimming circles in advance, and so on. For younger children, parents have better protect them. Swimming every 20 minutes or so, it is necessary to rest properly, replenish moisture, restore physical strength.

3.3, after swimming, parents should immediately dry their children and pay attention to removing the accumulated water in the ear canal. Wash your hair immediately, rinse your hair, brush your teeth, and wash the disinfectant adhered to your hair. After going home, I need to take a warm bath, add clothes, drink plenty of water, and avoid catching cold.

How to teach children to swim

The first step: learn to hold the breath

Do something simple: hold water in the water, leave the water and breathe again. Because when it's not suffocating, it's very tense and afraid of water. So it's better to train more. It can start at a shorter time, and then extend the time a little longer. If you can hold water for 5 seconds, you can swim in the shallow water.

Second step: learn to hold your breath and start teaching

Try to let the child lie on the side of the pool and practice it from the leg. The body can float gently enough, then practice the hand movements, try to stand up and dip their hands under the water. No matter which part you practice, you must do your head in the water.

游泳对小孩有什么好处 - What's the good for a child to swim

Third step: then learn the hands and feet and use it

It's best to practise putting your head in the water. We must be courageous. There will not be any problems in shallow water. Use your hands and feet together, then press your head down to keep your body in balance. Although the coordination between hands and feet is not good at first, but as long as you practice more and improve your movements, you will gradually get better.

The fourth step: the last is the practice

The longer you practice, the farther you can swim! You can learn from the breaststroke. This is the breaststroke formula: the hand leg is not moved and the hand is collected, the leg is stretched out and the leg is turned to the water.

The potential harm of swimming

1. The disease of the ear canal caused by swimming

When swimming enthusiasts swim, the ear does not enter the water. Because of the pressure of water and the influence of the ear structure, the bacteria invade the eustachian tube into the middle ear with water, or the water poured into the ear after swimming can not be cleaned up in time, causing the infection of the external ear and middle ear, which causes the otitis media. Otitis media aggravates the condition, or uses fingers and hard objects to clear the ears of the accumulated water, causing the tympanic membrane to rupture and perforate.

游泳对小孩有什么好处 - What's the good for a child to swim

2. Swimming causes nasal disease

The person who does not swim often, the nasal cavity is suddenly stimulated by cold water, can not adapt in time, the body resistance is reduced, the bacteria and the filter virus multiplication into the acute inflammation; if in the cold of the cold, swim, the bacteria on the nasal mucosa increase, and invade the paranasal sinus, cause acute inflammation of the mucous membrane of the paranasal sinus and the method of breathing during swimming. Incorrect. When water is choked, bacteria enter into the sinus with water and cause inflammation.

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